It is not always easy to find work in Malta because of the limited range of job sectors on the island. Work permits can be issued by the Maltese government. However, the authorities must see evidence of a contract and letter of employment from your prospective employer. EU citizens must go through this same process. Malta gives preference to their own citizens over EU citizens. This came about after a seven-year transition from national sovereignty to EU status beginning in 2004. Malta gave priority to their own citizens during this time. This practice lasted longer than expected and still makes it difficult for non-citizens to find work. However, with some dedication and persistence, it is possible to find a job and experience life on the island.
What languages are used and spoken in Malta?
The official languages of Malta are English and Maltese. Italian is used frequently in the country but the chances of landing a job will improve with practical knowledge of spoken and written Maltese. Italian is still an excellent language to know because Italy is Malta’s number one trading partner.
Jobs for expats in Malta
Your chances of finding work in Malta will increase with some relevant experience in the main employment sectors of IT and tourism. A shortage of IT professionals still exists in Malta and most foreign employees work in this sector or tourism. There are a number of online gaming sites working on the island which require IT, employees. Look for jobs in the main employment sectors of;
- Tourism and the service industry
- Manufacturing (semi-conductors, electronics, pharmaceuticals, consumer goods)
- Merchant shipping
- Ship building and repair
- Gaming Industry
Income tax & social security
Tax rates are lower than other countries and expatswill be happy to know that the tax range is from 15%-35% (depending on your earnings).
It is essential that you research your tax and social security status to ensure you do not pay too much tax or receive insufficient entitlements.
The Maltese government requires that employees, employers and self-employed citizens give 10% of their gross salary to the social security system. The government subsidises about 50% of the total funds within the system. The social security system includes residents from the age of 18, employees, employers, and students in some work-study programs. The Maltese Inland Revenue website includes more detailed information.
Sick leave and other entitlements
Employees are paid their full wage for the first three days. The self-employed have to cover their own sick leave.
Maternity Leave entitlements: Thirteen weeks of fully paid maternity leave is part of any females working conditions in Malta. Self-employed women must fund their own maternity leave or are paid thirteen weeks of half the minimum wage from the social security system.
Old-age entitlements: There are no hard and fast rules for old age entitlements and the social security system pays a minimum of amount to older people. The old age benefit is only suitable for older people with no regular pensions. Earnings from pension contributions cover most elderly people.
Everyone is required to contribute to the public pension and this is calculated through earnings in Malta. The system provides for a range of pensions similar to other EU countries and depends on individual cases. Private pension schemes are currently not popular in Malta. However, legislation is being introduced for private pensions measured by occupation and personal savings.
The Maltese government has 34 Double Taxation treaties with other countries. People from the 34 countries who decide to retire in Malta can receive their home pensions tax-free. Pensioners with permanent residence status will only pay 15% tax on their pensions in Malta.